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Peer reviewed articles


  1. Gowan, E.J., Zhang, X., Khosravi, S., Rovere, A., Stocchi, P., Hughes, A.L., Gyllencreutz, R., Mangerud, J., Svendsen, J.I. and Lohmann, G., 2022. Reply to: Towards solving the missing ice problem and the importance of rigorous model data comparisons. Nature communications, 13(1), pp.1-5.
  2. Dalton, A.S., Gowan, E.J., Mangerud, J., Möller, P., Lunkka, J.P. and Astakhov, V., 2021. Last interglacial sea-level proxies in the glaciated Northern Hemisphere. Earth System Science Data, 14, pp.1447-1492.
  3. Hinck, S., Gowan, E.J., Zhang, X. and Lohmann, G., 2022. PISM-LakeCC: Implementing an adaptive proglacial lake boundary into an ice sheet model. The Cryosphere, 16, pp. 941–965.
  4. Dalton, A.S., Pico, T., Gowan, E.J., Clague, J.J., Forman, J.J., McMartin, I., Sarala, P., and Helmens, K.F., 2022. The marine δ18O record overestimates continental ice volume during Marine Isotope Stage 3. Global and Planetary Change, p.103814.
  5. Yang, H., Krebs-Kanzow, U., Kleiner, T., Sidorenko, D., Rodehacke, C.B., Shi, X., Gierz, P., Niu, L., Gowan, E.J., Hinck, S. and Liu, X., 2022. Impact of paleoclimate on present and future evolution of the Greenland Ice Sheet. PloS one, 17(1), p.e0259816.


  1. Gowan, E.J., Zhang, X., Khosravi, S., Rovere, A., Stocchi, P., Hughes, A.L., Gyllencreutz, R., Mangerud, J., Svendsen, J.I. and Lohmann, G., 2021. A new global ice sheet reconstruction for the past 80 000 years. Nature communications, 12(1), pp.1-9.
  2. Gowan, E.J., Rovere, A., Ryan, D.D., Richiano, S., Montes, A., Pappalardo, M. and Aguirre, M.L., 2021. Last interglacial (MIS 5e) sea-level proxies in southeastern South America. Earth System Science Data, 13(1), pp. 171-197.
  3. Hui, Z., Gowan, E.J., Hou, Z., Zhou, X., Ma, Y., Guo, Z. and Zhang, J., 2021. Intensified fire activity induced by aridification facilitated Late Miocene C4 plant expansion in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 573, p.110437.
  4. Niu, L., Lohmann, G., Gierz, P., Gowan, E.J. and Knorr, G., 2021. Coupled climate-ice sheet modelling of MIS-13 reveals a sensitive Cordilleran Ice Sheet. Global and Planetary Change, 200, p.103474.
  5. Wang, S., Gong, X., Qiao, F., Gowan, E.J., Streffing, J. and Lohmann, G., 2021. The impact of non-breaking surface waves in upper-ocean temperature simulations of the Last Glacial Maximum. Environmental Research Letters, 16(3), p.034008.


  1. Hinck, S., Gowan, E.J. and Lohmann, G., 2020. LakeCC: a tool for efficiently identifying lake basins with application to palaeogeographic reconstructions of North America. Journal of Quaternary Science35(3), pp.422-432.
  2. Yang, H., Lohmann, G., Krebs‐Kanzow, U., Ionita, M., Shi, X., Sidorenko, D., Gong, X., Chen, X. and Gowan, E.J., 2020. Poleward shift of the major ocean gyres detected in a warming climate. Geophysical Research Letters47(5), p.e2019GL085868.
  3. Yang, H., Lohmann, G., Lu, J., Gowan, E.J., Shi, X., Liu, J. and Wang, Q., 2020. Tropical expansion driven by poleward advancing mid‐latitude meridional temperature gradients. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, p.e2020JD033158.
  4. Chen, F., Chen, S., Zhang, X., Chen, J., Wang, X., Gowan, E.J., Qiang, M., Dong, G., Wang, Z., Li, Y. and Xu, Q., 2020. Asian dust-storm activity dominated by Chinese dynasty changes since 2000 BP. Nature communications11(1), pp.1-7.
  5. Liu, X., Sun, Y., Vandenberghe, J., Cheng, P., Zhang, X., Gowan, E.J., Lohmann, G. and An, Z., 2020. Centennial-to millennial-scale monsoon changes since the last deglaciation linked to solar activities and North Atlantic cooling. Climate of the Past16(1), pp.315-324.


  1. Gowan, E.J., Niu, L., Knorr, G. and Lohmann, G., 2019. Geology datasets in North America, Greenland and surrounding areas for use with ice sheet models. Earth System Science Data11(1), pp.375-391.
  2. Niu, L., Lohmann, G., Hinck, S., Gowan, E.J. and Krebs-Kanzow, U., 2019. The sensitivity of Northern Hemisphere ice sheets to atmospheric forcing during the last glacial cycle using PMIP3 models. Journal of Glaciology65(252), pp.645-661.
  3. Niu, L., Lohmann, G. and Gowan, E.J., 2019. Climate noise influences ice sheet mean state. Geophysical Research Letters.


  1. Kirchner, N., van Dongen, E., Gowan, E.J., Pattyn, F., Noormets, R., Jakobsson, M. and Ingólfsson, Ó., 2018. GRANTSISM: An Excel™ ice sheet model for use in introductory Earth science courses. Journal of Geoscience Education, pp.1-12.


  1. Gowan, E.J., Tregoning, P., Purcell, A., Lea, J., Fransner, O.J., Noormets, R. and Dowdeswell, J.A., 2016. ICESHEET 1.0: a program to produce paleo-ice sheet reconstructions with minimal assumptions. Geoscientific Model Development, 9(5), pp. 1673-1682.
  2. Gowan, E.J., Tregoning, P., Purcell, A., Montillet, J.-P., and McClusky, S., 2016. A model of the western Laurentide Ice Sheet, using observations of glacial isostatic adjustment. Quaternary Science Reviews, 139, pp. 1-16.
  3. Kirchner, N., Ahlkrona, J., Gowan, E.J., Lötstedt, P., Lea, J.M., Noormets, R., von Sydow, L., Dowdeswell, J.A. and Benham, T., 2016. Shallow ice approximation, second order shallow ice approximation, and full Stokes models: A discussion of their roles in palaeo-ice sheet modelling and development. Quaternary Science Reviews, 135, pp.103-114.


  1. Gowan, E.J., 2013. An assessment of the minimum timing of ice free conditions of the western Laurentide Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 75, pp. 100–113.


  1. Gowan, E.J., Ferguson, I.J., Jones, A.G., Craven, J.A., 2009. Geoelectric structure of the northeastern Williston basin and underlying Precambrian lithosphere. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 46, pp. 441–464.
  2. James, T., Gowan, E.J., Hutchinson, I., Clague, J.J., Barrie, J.V., Conway, K.W., 2009a. Sea-level change and paleogeographic reconstructions, southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 1200–1216.
  3. James, T.S., Gowan, E.J., Wada, I., Wang, K., 2009b. Viscosity of the asthenosphere from glacial isostatic adjustment and subduction dynamics at the northern Cascadia subduction zone, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 114.


  1. Frederiksen, A.W., Ferguson, I.J., Eaton, D., Miong, S.K., Gowan, E.J., 2006. Mantle fabric at multiple scales across an Archean–Proterozoic boundary, Grenville Front, Canada. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 158, pp. 240–263.



  • Gowan, E.J., 2014. Model of the western Laurentide Ice Sheet, North America. Ph.D. thesis. The Australian National University. Canberra, ACT, Australia.
  • Gowan, E.J., 2007. Glacio-isostatic adjustment modelling of improved relative sea-level observations in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Master’s thesis. University of Victoria.
    Victoria, B.C., Canada.
  • Gowan, E.J., 2005. Investigation of the electrical resistivity of the crust in southern Manitoba using the magnetotelluric method. Honours thesis. University of Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

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